- Explanation Group 1: There are no signs of higher (Type II and III) civilizations because there are no higher civilizations in existence.
- 1. We’re Rare (The Great Filter is Behind Us)
- One possibility: The Great Filter could be at the very beginning—it might be incredibly unusual for life to begin at all.
- Another possibility: The Great Filter could be the jump from the simple prokaryote cell to the complex eukaryote cell.
- 2. We’re the First
- 3. We’re Fucked (The Great Filter is Ahead of Us)
- 1. We’re Rare (The Great Filter is Behind Us)
- Explanation Group 2: Type II and III intelligent civilizations are out there—and there are logical reasons why we might not have heard from them.
- Possibility 1) Super-intelligent life could very well have already visited Earth, but before we were here.
- Possibility 2) The galaxy has been colonized, but we just live in some desolate rural area of the galaxy.
- Possibility 3) The entire concept of physical colonization is a hilariously backward concept to a more advanced species.
- Possibility 4) There are scary predator civilizations out there, and most intelligent life knows better than to broadcast any outgoing signals and advertise their location.
- Possibility 5) There’s only one instance of higher-intelligent life—a “superpredator” civilization (like humans are here on Earth)—who is far more advanced than everyone else and keeps it that way by exterminating any intelligent civilization once they get past a certain level.
- Possibility 6) There’s plenty of activity and noise out there, but our technology is too primitive and we’re listening for the wrong things.
- Possibility 7) We are receiving contact from other intelligent life, but the government is hiding it.
- Possibility 8) Higher civilizations are aware of us and observing us (AKA the “Zoo Hypothesis”).
- Possibility 9) Higher civilizations are here, all around us. But we’re too primitive to perceive them.
- Possibility 10) We’re completely wrong about our reality.
There’s a more optimistic reason for running a ghost train, too: it shows hope that the line may be used more regularly again in the future. Once a service is closed entirely, infrastructure deteriorates; even if the physical track is kept, it becomes overgrown. Not to mention that drivers then would have to be re-trained on the track, or that a whole new slew of paperwork would have to be gone through to re-open it. Starting from scratch, in other words, is far more expensive than maintaining what you have.
C:\> shutdown /r /f /t 0
/r = reboot (para desligar sem reboot use /s)
/s = shutdown
/f = força o fechamento de aplicativos
/t = tempo em segundos para início do shutdown
# sudo apt-get install nautilus-open-terminal
# nautilus -q
(Ubuntu 14.04 LTS Desktop)
(…) o consórcio visa potencializar sinergias entre as empresas participantes, reduzir seus custos operacionais e poder fornecer maior número de produtos e serviços aos clientes.
Dessa forma, o consórcio pode se dar via um acordo operacional entre os fornecedores, preservando-se na empresa detentora da propriedade intelectual do produto/sistema a responsabilidade pela evolução e atualização do mesmo e transferindo as atividades de programação, testes, etc. (ex: fábrica de software) para um Centro de Serviços Compartilhados – CSC, que pode ser montado em uma das empresas ou ser terceirizado. Ademais, as atividades administrativas, como contas a pagar, compras, recursos humanos, etc. também podem ser absorvidas pelo CSC.
Indo um pouco além, as áreas comerciais das empresas também podem ser fundidas em um Centro de Competência Único, reduzindo com isso o número de “pontos focais” relativos aos clientes (Bancos) e proporcionando ao Consórcio, melhor entendimento e maior condição de atender as necessidades dos clientes.
Parkinson’s law of triviality, also known as bikeshedding, bike-shed effect, or the bicycle-shed example, is C. Northcote Parkinson’s 1957 argument that organisations give disproportionate weight to trivial issues. Parkinson observed and illustrated that a committee whose job was to approve plans for a nuclear power plant spent the majority of its time with pointless discussions on relatively trivial and unimportant but easy-to-grasp issues, such as what materials to use for the staff bike-shed, while neglecting the less-trivial proposed design of the nuclear power plant itself, which is far more important but also a far more difficult and complex task to criticise constructively.
The law has been applied to software development and other activities, and the term “bikeshedding” was coined as a metaphor to illuminate Parkinson’s Law of Triviality and was popularised in the Berkeley Software Distribution community by Poul-Henning Kamp and has spread from there to the software industry at large.
“Em qualquer disputa a intensidade do sentimento é inversamente proporcional ao valor das questões em jogo.”